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Gawon Go

Gawon Go is a litigation associate who represents a wide variety of clients in complex commercial litigation, including antitrust, contract, and intellectual property.

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            In Attias v. CareFirst, Inc., 15-cv-00882-CRC (D.D.C. Mar. 28, 2023), the court’s application of TransUnion v. Ramirez, 141 S. Ct. 2190 (2021), reinforced that inclusion of uninjured class members in the class definition can defeat certification.  In CareFirst, Plaintiffs alleged that the data breach that CareFirst, Inc. (“CareFirst”), a health insurance company, suffered in 2014 exposed the plaintiffs to increased risk of fraud and identity theft.  Plaintiffs claimed they had to spend time and money on services such as credit and identity theft monitoring programs.  They sought to represent classes that included all CareFirst customers in certain states whose personal information was impacted by the breach, regardless of whether those customers incurred additional expenses as a result of the breach. Continue Reading D.D.C.’s Application of TransUnion Echoes the Importance of Actual Injury to Class Certification

            The Ninth Circuit continues its efforts to give teeth to the predominance requirement of Rule 23 as a potent tool for defendants to defeat class certification. 

            Earlier this year, in Bowerman v. Field Asset Services, Inc., 39 F.4th 652 (9th Cir. 2022), amended, — F.4th —-, 2023 WL 2001967 (9th Cir. Feb. 14, 2023), the Ninth Circuit determined that where individualized inquiries were necessary to determine the existence of damages—as opposed to the question of calculating damages—class certification was inappropriate because the class would fail to meet the predominance requirement of Rule 23. Continue Reading Ninth Circuit Sharpens Predominance Requirement:  Looking Behind Plaintiffs’ Fiction in Dismantling Class Certification